By Theodore Millon PhD DSc, Robert F. Krueger PhD, Erik Simonsen MD
This forward-thinking quantity grapples with severe questions surrounding the mechanisms underlying psychological problems and the platforms used for classifying them. Edited and written via major foreign experts, lots of whom are actively concerned with the advance of DSM-V and ICD-11, the booklet integrates organic and psychosocial views. It presents balanced analyses of such matters because the function of social context and tradition in psychopathology and the professionals and cons of specific as opposed to dimensional techniques to prognosis. state-of-the-art diagnostic tools and learn tools are reviewed. all through, members spotlight the consequences of present theoretical and empirical advances for knowing real-world medical difficulties and constructing greater remedies.
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Additional resources for Contemporary Directions in Psychopathology: Scientific Foundations of the DSM-V and ICD-11
Only in the Middle East did the humane and naturalistic aspects of Hippocratic thought remain free of the primitivism and demonology that overcame Europe. Signs for detecting demonic possession became increasingly indiscriminate in the Christian world. During epidemics of famine and pestilence, thousands wandered aimlessly until their haggard appearance and confusion justified the fear that they were cursed. The prevalent turmoil, the fear of one’s own contamination, and the frenetic desire to prove one’s spiritual purity led widespread segments of the populace to use these destitute and ill roamers as convenient scapegoats.
Disturbances of consciousness usually resulted from the sudden diminishing of the strength of the pneuma around the heart. Aretaeus’s descriptions of epilepsy were notably impressive. He spoke of its premonitory symptoms, such as vertigo and nausea, the perception of sparks and colors, and the perception of harsh noises or nauseating smells. ” Similarly, he formulated what we speak of as cyclothymia in describing the alternation of depression with phases of mania. Â€. ” Other types of mania were more expansive in which the patient “feels great and inspired.
The Renaissance and Beyond Gradually, the horrors of the Inquisition were left behind. In the 16th century, the A Précis of Psychopathological History work of intelligent and humanistic thinkers slowly awakened humankind from its long slumber. Zilboorg and Henry (1941) have written that for several centuries, philosophers had repeatedly stated that human beings should be studied and not their souls; these scholars slowly convinced themselves by listening to their own voices. These scholars were not physicians, because physicians had turned their attention to the new anatomy and physiology of animals and cadavers, rather than the emotions and natural states of living humans.