Communicable Diseases in Developing Countries: Stopping the by John Malcolm Dowling, Chin-Fang Yap (auth.)

By John Malcolm Dowling, Chin-Fang Yap (auth.)

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Additional info for Communicable Diseases in Developing Countries: Stopping the Global Epidemics of HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, Malaria and Diarrhea

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The message would be crafted to reach the most important information for each group. There is some evidence that interventions directed to individual groups have a beneficial impact on behavior, depending on the appropriateness and scope of the message. Abstinence – only education in schools is not effective according to several studies. However, when the message includes other sex aspects, including condoms, knowledge of HIV status of the partner as well as own status, these programs can be more effective.

It is estimated that as many as seven million people in developing countries are HIV positive but do not know it. They are at risk and risk is also for those who they may come in contact with for sex and/or use of needles for injecting drugs. Integrating HIV testing into routine health services has helped to increase the effectiveness of the diagnostic process. There are often lags between the test and the test results. In many cases the patient does not return to get the results. What is needed is a one stop protocol that combines testing with the diagnosis at the same time so that therapy can begin on the spot.

Jamison et al. (2006, Chapter 18) provide a detailed analysis . We summarize the main components in what follows here. Information, education and communication (IEC) Assessing the impact of various media on public awareness is difficult. What is recommended is a two-stage process. In the first stage a pilot questionnaire should be distributed to see the level of awareness of the ways HIV is spread, the chances of contracting HIV and methods of contraception that can be used and their effectiveness.

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