By Kathleen A. Mahoney
In 1893 Harvard collage president Charles W. Eliot, the daddy of the fashionable collage, helped enforce a coverage that, in impact, barred graduates of Jesuit faculties from standard admission to Harvard legislations university. The ensuing controversy—bitterly contentious and generally publicized—was a defining second within the historical past of yank Catholic schooling, illuminating on whose phrases and on what foundation Catholics and Catholic schools could perform better schooling within the 20th century.
In Catholic greater schooling in Protestant the USA, Kathleen Mahoney considers the demanding situations confronted by means of Catholics because the age of the collage opened. She describes how liberal Protestant educators comparable to Eliot associated the trendy collage with the reason for a Protestant the USA and the way Catholic scholars and educators variously resisted, accommodated, or embraced Protestant-inspired academic reforms. Drawing on social theories of cultural hegemony and insider-outsider roles, Mahoney strains the increase of the legislations university controversy to the interaction of 3 strong forces: the emergence of the liberal, nonsectarian study collage; the improvement of a Catholic center classification whose aspirations integrated attendance at such associations; and the Catholic church's more and more strident crusade opposed to modernism and, via extension, the highbrow foundations of recent educational lifestyles.
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Additional resources for Catholic Higher Education in Protestant America: The Jesuits and Harvard in the Age of the University
5 In the second half of the nineteenth century, Porter, like other Americans, had witnessed an academic revolution that gave birth to the modern American university. Blending the English collegiate tradition with new German research ideals, the modern university differed signi~cantly from its medieval progenitor and that progenitor’s American descendant, the college, with its classical liberal arts curriculum, denominational allegiance, and traditional religious discipline. The modern university was research oriented.
Even so, anti-Catholicism endured in the more liberal age of the university. Born in the Old World and carried to the New by the Puritans, anti-Jesuit sentiment proved a particularly resilient strain. In 1893, the fruits of religious liberalism and legacy of religious antipathy found concurrent expression at Harvard University. In that year, Eliot, already a well-known religious liberal, won kudos and laudatory press coverage for Harvard’s high-pro~le overtures to Catholics. Liberals rejoiced at what appeared to signal the advent of a new era of religious harmony.
6 The curriculum itself mushroomed with new disciplines, and students were allowed to elect their own courses of study. Religious discipline was relaxed. Professional schools, once largely independent and few in number, were reaf~xed to the new universities, where they then proliferated. 7 While Porter sided with tradition, Harvard President Charles Wil- 24 Between Protestants and Catholics liam Eliot (1834–1926) emerged as an effective reformer and national academic leader. Like Porter, Eliot served as president of his alma mater, but unlike Porter, he came to the position as a scientist, not as a clergyman.