By David Bachman
During this booklet David Bachman examines the origins of the nice step forward (GLF), a software of financial reform that needs to be certainly one of the good tragedies of Communist China, envisioned to have triggered the loss of life of among 14 and 28 million chinese language. whereas commonplace bills interpret the GLF as mainly the brainchild of Mao Zedong and as a thorough rejection of a collection of extra average reform proposals recommend within the interval 1956 to 1957, Bachman proposes a provocative reinterpretation of the origins of the GLF that stresses the position of the forms. utilizing a neo-institutionalist method of learn monetary policy-making major as much as the GLF, he argues that the GLF has to be obvious because the fabricated from an institutional technique of policy-making.
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Additional resources for Bureaucracy, Economy, and Leadership in China: The Institutional Origins of the Great Leap Forward
On the Historical Experience of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat," in Communist China, 1955-1959, 1971, pp. 144-51; see p. 149. 12. Lu Dingyi, "Let a Hundred Flowers Bloom, Let a Hundred Schools of Thought Contend," Communist China, 1955-1959, 1971, pp. 151-63, and MacFarquhar, 1974, who minutely chronicles Mao's interventions in 1956-1957. 13. The most complete discussion of the leadership and these questions is MacFarquhar, 1974, passim; see also Teiwes, 1979a, chs. 6 and 7; Harding, 1981, chs.
Overview: Chinese politics and economy, 1956-1957 19 and disputes were usually results not of conflicting ideological positions but of differing perceptions of a strange new area of activity. The Chinese copied the Soviet model of development very literally. In this they were aided extensively by Soviet advisers. Soviet-supplied factories were the core projects of industrialization, and Soviet procedures guided Chinese planning and management practices. 16 By 1956, however, Chinese leaders came to realize that there were serious problems in the Chinese economy.
The leap of 1956 caused one final problem. 24 The state was forced to draw more than three million tons of grain from state reserves to feed the urban population. 25 In 1955-1956, the leading economic officials were Chen Yun, Chinas topranking vice-premier and general economic overseer, and Li Fuchun, chairman of the State Planning Commission, with Premier Zhou Enlai effectively working with both of them. 26 But beginning in late 1955 their views began to diverge. 28 Indeed, at the Eighth Party Congress, Chen called for market relations to guide the activities of these enterprises.