Building on Early Gains in Afghanistan's Health, Nutrition, by Tekabe Belay

By Tekabe Belay

Afghanistan has made massive development due to the fact that 2001. A national survey carried out in overdue 2006 came across that the IMR had fallen to 129 consistent with 1,000 dwell births, and the U5MR had fallen to191 in step with 1,000 reside births, representing a 22 percentage and 26 percentage decline, respectively, from the tip of 2001. equally, prenatal care assurance has elevated from under five percentage to 32 percentage, and DTP3 assurance has elevated from under 20 percentage to 35 percentage among 2003 and 2006. Administrative info point out that the variety of functioning fundamental future health care amenities has approximately doubled from 498 in 2001 to greater than 936 in 2008. the standard of care in publicly financed amenities additionally has elevated by means of approximately 22 percentage from 2004 to 2006. regardless of this growth, a lot nonetheless is still performed. even though development within the wellbeing and fitness zone is encouraging, it's not adequate to make sure that Afghanistan will in achieving the Millennium improvement pursuits (MDGs). The demanding situations comprise revising the content material of the BPHS, rethinking the supply of the BPHS, securing sustained and predictable financing, the rising inner most zone, scarcity of human assets for health and wellbeing, and the development the means of the ministry to permit it successfully perform its stewardship services. the amount offers particular coverage concepts for the MOPH to think about to extra construct at the early profits made within the well-being area. The guiding ideas of those thoughts are consistency with the Ministry’s imaginative and prescient and feasibility on implementation. those coverage strategies inform a narrative with the primary subject matter of increasing carrier insurance and what the Ministry must do to make that occur.

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Additional info for Building on Early Gains in Afghanistan's Health, Nutrition, and Population Sector: Challenges and Options (Directions in Development)

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2 Total Public Spending (Core and External) by Sector, 2007/08 (1386 AC) and 2008/09 (1387 AC) a. 2007/08 (1386 AC) economic governance and private sector other development 3% 1% health social protection 3% 1% good governance and rule of law 3% education 4% agriculture and rural development 9% security 62% infrastructure and natural resources 14% b. 2008/09 (1387 AC) economic governance and private sector development others 3% 3% social protection health 2% 4% good governance and rule of law 5% education 9% security 41% agriculture and rural development 10% infrastructure and natural resources 23% Source: Author’s compilation.

Children from the poorest households are almost twice as likely as children from the wealthiest households to have received no vaccinations. This difference is less stark for OPV3, which is delivered by campaign-based vaccination. Reproductive health services. Wealth status also affects the use of reproductive health services in Afghanistan. 1 Source: Afghanistan Household Survey (Ministry of Public Health 2006). Note: BCG = Bacillus Calmette-Guerin; DPT = diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus; OPV = oral polio vaccine.

Age, gender, head of household status, and the interaction terms of wealth and education and gender and age are not significant as determinants of health care–seeking behavior (Steinhardt and others 2009). Child health services. 3). Children from the poorest households are almost twice as likely as children from the wealthiest households to have received no vaccinations. This difference is less stark for OPV3, which is delivered by campaign-based vaccination. Reproductive health services. Wealth status also affects the use of reproductive health services in Afghanistan.

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