By Charles H. Stewart
During this publication Charles Stewart analyses the advance of the budgetary approach in the home of Representatives among 1865 and 1921. The interval started with the production of the home Appropriations Committee and ended with the passage of the Budgetary Accounting Act. makes an attempt at swap have been heavily regarding societal and monetary, but in addition to institutional, advancements in this interval. either the electoral approach and the nationwide occasion method, in addition to struggle and different financial crises, impacted upon the budgetary technique.
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Extra resources for Budget Reform Politics: The Design of the Appropriations Process in the House of Representatives, 1865-1921 (Political Economy of Institutions and Decisions)
Budgeting as a whole can be thought of as the confluence of two problems: distributional and aggregational. '9 The aggregational problem concerns what happens when all of the budgetary pieces are added together. "zo The previous section discussed the genesis of the distributional probfrom constituency interest (measured by existing spending levels) to committee membership, but not vice versa. 19 One must be careful not to characterize the distributional problem as one of "carving up the pieces of the budgetary pie," although such an analogy is frequently a convenient shorthand.
The ongoing attempts to alter budgetary structure led to a formal, institutional, and structural orientation to budgeting that was deemphasized in the coming behavioral revolution, but which has been reactivated in recent years. BEHAVIORAL QUESTIONS ABOUT BUDGETING The second main stream of the budgetary literature arose as a reaction to reformism through a deemphasis of the normative — although such concerns have never been completely excised — and by studying budgetary politics on its own terms.
2-4 Budgeting and budget reform in Congress Personal explanations are more appealing than the functional because personal factors loom large upon an examination of any body of political elites. Still, we should not let our fascination with interesting political characters interfere with our primary interest — explaining reform over time. An explanation of structural change over decades or centuries must necessarily look beyond specific personalities in order to be generalizable and predictive. This is not to say that personalities are trivial - they are not.