British Unemployment 1919-1939: A Study in Public Policy by W. R. Garside

By W. R. Garside

Regardless of the dominance of unemployment within the historiography of interwar Britain, there's as but no complete unmarried quantity examine of presidency reactions to the matter over the total interval right down to 1939. British Unemployment 1919-1939 goals to fill that hole. W.R. Garside attracts upon an in depth diversity of fundamental and secondary assets to investigate legit ameliorative coverage towards unemployment and modern reactions to such intervention. He assesses the character and scale of interwar unemployment tips. cautious research is usually made up of the impression of unemployment on similar components of financial matters akin to financial and monetary coverage, business switch, in another country alternate, colonial improvement, exertions offer and the effect of collective bargaining. finished, informative and obviously written, this e-book is the fullest account of coverage responses to unemployment within the interwar interval. it is going to be important to experts in contemporary British financial historical past and public coverage, in addition to a necessary reference paintings for college kids coming to the topic for the 1st time.

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The accumulated balance of the Unemployment Fund rose from £15,200,000 to £22,200,000 between November 1918 and November 1920. B. Gilbert, British Social Policy 1914-1939 (1970), 66. These activities were the responsibility of the Home Office between 1919 and the autumn of 1921 and were supervised by a 'Directorate of Intelligence' under the control of Sir Basil Home Thomson, an Assistant Commissioner with Scotland Yard. Cab 24/92, Out of Work Donation. Memorandum by the Minister of Labour, 30 October 1919.

A comparison of the percentage of married women either occupied or economically active between the Census years 1911 and 1931 suggests that had employment opportunities been more favourable in the latter year the participation rate may have been much higher. Indeed it is quite probable that a proportion of women stayed out of the labour force before 1931 despite the relatively more favourable benefits regime. 37 In short, tighter benefit regulations may have resulted not in a lower incidence of unemployment among married women but, by reducing the incentive to register, only a lower recorded unemployment figure.

The ease with which many such people were absorbed into employment immediately prior to the Second World War illustrated how much they were able to rejoin the active labour force when a real opportunity arose. Far from being a Volunteer army', the majority of the unemployed appeared to contemporaries to be the Unemployment Insurance in Great Britain: A Critical Examination by the Authors of 'The Third Winter of Unemployment' (1925). The areas covered were Shoreditch, Glasgow, Tyneside, Bolton, Leeds, Birmingham, Cardiff and Reading.

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