Britain and UN Peacekeeping 1948–67 by N. Briscoe

By N. Briscoe

Britain used to be arguably the one maximum catalyst and beneficiary of UN peacekeeping operations throughout the post-war interval. This publication analyses the explanations for this, together with the post-colonial conflicts which Britain passed the UN and its decision to make sure that peacekeeping advanced in a way appropriate with united kingdom nationwide pursuits. regardless of preliminary ambivalence approximately letting the UN run army operations, Britain many times used the association, to shed colonial obligations, store face, proportion policing burdens, and stabilise conflicts in delicate areas. This entire survey first examines united kingdom adventure with antecedents of UN operations, particularly nineteenth century colonial policing and missions manage lower than the League of countries. It then analyses British efforts to persuade, include and take advantage of person UN operations, together with the Emergency strength confirmed following the Suez concern (1956-67), the strength within the Congo (1960-64), and the long-lasting operation in Cyprus (1967-). additionally coated are numerous circumstances while British Governments most popular to interfere unilaterally, together with in Jordan and Kuwait. one of many major contributions of the booklet is the particular research of inner united kingdom executive and UN records, which the writer makes use of to reconstruct the coverage making strategy. The e-book additionally sheds gentle at the peacekeeping guidelines of convinced different key states, rather the USA and USSR. ultimately, the account addresses a few problems with modern relevance, together with the strain among neutrality and impartiality, peacekeeping in a semi-permissive atmosphere, and using strength.

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The Chiefs of Staff still considered that ‘no other country could provide officers to act as observers who would be able to wield any authority in Kashmir’. 84 In other words, the Chiefs of Staff stipulated the requirement for the consent of the parties, which would become a central principle of UN peacekeeping. Strikingly, however, Minister of State Philip Noel-Baker rejected this condition: I do not think we need make the supply of British observers conditional on their acceptance by India and Pakistan.

The League had not required any special clause in its Covenant to permit it to mount the Saar force and, in the UN, peacekeeping could be considered as one of the undefined measures for conflict settlement envisaged under Chapters VI and VII of the Charter. The traditional celebration of peacekeeping as a creative victory Antecedents and Early UN Observer Missions 37 for the UN over the hostile conditions of the Cold War is tempered by the knowledge of quite how far removed it was from the original, more ambitious, plans of those designing the Organization.

Palestine’s strategic significance was increased by growing British dependence on Middle Eastern oil as well as by the perceived need to prevent the Soviet Union from gaining a foothold in the Middle East. Nevertheless, in September 1945 Attlee horrified the Chiefs of Staff by suggesting complete British withdrawal from the Middle East. 52 Britain’s inability to come up with a political solution acceptable to the Arab and Jewish communities in Palestine led to growing confrontations among all three, and British forces were regularly killed or wounded.

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