Biotechnologies and Biomimetics for Civil Engineering by Fernando Pacheco Torgal, J. A. Labrincha, M. V. Diamanti,

By Fernando Pacheco Torgal, J. A. Labrincha, M. V. Diamanti, C.-P. Yu, H. K. Lee (eds.)

Putting ahead an leading edge method of fixing present technological difficulties confronted through human society, this publication incorporates a holistic manner of perceiving the possibility of common platforms. Nature has built a number of fabrics and procedures which either preserve an optimum functionality and also are completely biodegradable, houses that are utilized in civil engineering.

Delivering the newest study findings to development pros and different practitioners, in addition to containing info invaluable to the general public, ‘Biotechnologies and Biomimetics for Civil Engineering’ serves as a major device to take on the demanding situations of a extra sustainable building and the way forward for buildings.

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2012a; 2014;DeJong et al. 2010, 2013; van Paassen et al. 2010; Harkes et al. 2010; Dhami et al. 2012; Li and Qu 2012; Raut et al. 2014); • biodesaturation of soil is a process to decrease saturation and liquefaction potential of soil through biogas production in situ (Chu et al. 2009a, 2013b; He et al. 2013; Rebata-Landa and Santamarina 2012); • bioencapsulation of clay/soil/particles is a process to increase strength of soft clayey soil through the formation of strong shell around a piece of soft material (Ivanov et al.

6a), biocemented layer of defined thickness (Fig. 6b) or biocemented monolith (Fig. 6c). There are several drawbacks in the conventional MICP process: (1) by-product of urea hydrolysis is ammonium and ammonia that are toxic substances for workers, harmful for aquatic environment and atmosphere, and increases the risk corrosion because of high pH (Pacheco-Torgal and Labrincha 2013a); (2) the brittleness of calcite crystals bonding the soil particles; and (3) the cost of calcium reagent and urea are higher than the cost of conventional cement.

Its advantages are that use of this bioplastic will reduce the land for disposal of construction wastes and it is producing from renewable sources so their production will increase environmental and economic sustainability of construction industry. 2 Basics of Construction Microbial Biotechnology… 35 However, the cost of bioplastics produced aseptically in fermenters is usually several times higher than the cost of petrochemical-based plastics, so the reduction of the bioplastic production costs using cheap raw materials and technological innovations is still essential for the bioplastic industry and applications.

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