By Peter G. Edelman, Joseph Wang
content material: review of biosensors / Elizabeth A.H. corridor --
Multienzyme sensors / F. Scheller, A. Warsinke, J. Lutter, R. Renneberg, and F. Schubert --
Biosensors in line with entrapment of enzymes in a water-dispersed anionic polymer / man Fortier, Jian Wei Chen, and Daniel Bélanger --
Electrochemical characterization of ferrocene derivatives in a perfluoropolymer glucose oxidase electrode / Jian Wei Chen, Daniel Bélanger, and man Fortier --
Protein stabilization in biosensor platforms / Timothy D. Gibson and John R. Woodward --
Electrocatalytic oxidation of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide cofactor at chemically converted electrodes / L. Gorton, B. Persson, P.D. Hale, L.I. Boguslavsky, H.I. Karan, H.S. Lee, T.A. Skotheim, H.L. Lan, and Y. Okamoto --
coaching and characterization of lively glucose oxidase immobilized to a plasma-polymerized movie / Michael J. Danilich, Dominic Gervasio, and Roger E. Marchant --
function of polymeric fabrics within the fabrication of ion-selective electrodes and biosensors / G.J. Moody --
electric wiring of flavoenzymes with versatile redox polymers / P.D. Hale, L.I. Boguslavsky, T.A. Skotheim, L.F. Liu, H.S. Lee, H.I. Karan, H.L. Lan, and Y. Okamoto --
Permselective coatings for amperometric biosensing / Joseph Wang --
Polypyrrole movie electrode incorporating glucose oxidase : electrochemical habit, catalytic reaction to glucose, and selectivity to pharmaceutical medicines / Zhisheng solar and Hiroyasu Tachikawa --
Analytical functions of the electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance / A. Robert Hillman, David C. Loveday, Marcus J. Swann, Stanley Bruckenstein, and C. Paul Wilde --
Electrochemically ready polyelectrolyte advanced of polypyrrole and a flavin-containing polyanion : use as a biosensor / H.F.M. Schoo and G. Challa --
improvement of polymer membrane anion-selective electrodes in keeping with molecular acceptance ideas / Antonio Florido, Sylvia Daunert, and Leonidas G. Bachas --
Electropolymerized movies for the development of ultramicrobiosensors and electron-mediated amperometric biosensors / Eugene R. Reynolds, Robert J. Geise, and Alexander M. Yacynych --
Molecular fabrics for the transduction of chemical info into digital signs through chemical field-effect transistors / D.N. Reinhoudt --
Chemically delicate microelectrochemical units : new techniques to sensors / Chad A. Mirkin, James R. Valentine, David Ofer, James J. Hickman, and Mark S. Wrighton --
Macro- to microelectrodes for in vivo cardiovascular measurements / Richard P. dollar, Vasile V. Coşofreţ, Tal M. Nahir, Timothy A. Johnson, Robert P. Kusy, Kirk A. Reinbold, Michelle A. Simon, Michael R. Neuman, R. Bruce Ash, and H. Troy Nagle --
Polymeric matrix membrane field-effect transistors : sodium ion sensors for clinical purposes / S. Wakida --
Polymeric membranes for miniature biosensors and chemical sensors / M. Koudelka-Hep, A. van den Berg, and N.F. de Rooij --
Thick-film multilayer ion sensors for biomedical purposes / Salvatore J. speed and James D. Hamerslag --
Environmentally delicate polymers as biosensors : the glucose-sensitive membrane / Lisa A. Klumb, Stephen R. Miller, Gary W. Albin, and Thomas A. Horbett --
Water and the ion-selective electrode membrane / D. Jed Harrison, Xizhong Li, and Slobodan Petrovic --
Swelling of a polymer membrane to be used in a glucose biosensor / Marian F. McCurley and W. Rudolf Seitz --
Optical immunosensors utilizing managed- liberate polymers / Steven M. Barnard and David R. Walt.
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Additional resources for Biosensors and Chemical Sensors. Optimizing Performance Through Polymeric Materials
1988, 2, 177. P. Anal. , 1988, 60, 2002. ; Bélanger, D. Biotechnol. , 1991, 37, 854. ; Horiuti, Y. J. , 1977, 82, 1741. Biol. , 1965, 240, 2209. P. 8888, Succursale A, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3P8, Canada Glucose oxidase, G O D , was immobilized into Nafion film, into which artificial electron transfer mediators were incorporated. The mediators were ferrocene derivatives with various hydrophobicity obtained by varying the alkyl chain length. It was demonstrated that they were incorporated in the film with different maximum loadings and at different rates depending on the hydrophobicity.
Chem. Int. Ed. , 1990, 29, 82, . 17. ; Heller, A. Anal. , 1990, 62, 258. 18. N. J. Electroanal. , 1991, 300, 175. 19. ; Bélanger, D. Electroanalysis, 1992, in press. 20. Vaillancourt, M . ; Fortier, G. 177th Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, Abstract #712 (1990). 21. ; Gottesfeld, S. 177th Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, Abstract #713 (1990). 22. ; Sticha, M. J. Electroanal. , 1991, 303, 237. 23. W. J. , Marcel Dekker: New York, 1984, Vol. 13; pp 191-368. 24. ; Beng Tan, C. Analyst, 1989, 114, 695.
However, the catalytic current can be stabilized when the mediator concentration in the Nafion-GOD film is low. C l 6 F c can strongly be retained in the Nafion-GOD film, giving stable but small catalytic currents to 20 m M glucose. Indeed, a counterbalance of mediator efficiency vs retention inside the Nafion matrix should be considered for our present system. + + + 4. CHEN ET XL Characterization of Ferrocene Derivatives 39 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The financial support of the Conseil de Recherche en Sciences Naturelles et en Génie, CRSNG, du Canada and the Fonds pour la Formation de Chercheurs et l'Aide à la Recherche, F C A R , du Gouvernement du Québec is gratefully acknowledged.