By Werner Nachtigall, Alfred Wisser
Bionics capacity studying from the character for the improvement of expertise. The technological know-how of "bionics" itself is assessed into a number of sections, from fabrics and constructions over strategies and procedures till evolution and optimization. now not a majority of these components, or just a couple of, are relatively recognized within the public and likewise in medical literature. This contains the Lotus-effect, switched over to the contamination-reduction of fassades and the shark-shed-effect, switched over to the resistance-reduction of airplanes. although, there are 1000's of hugely attention-grabbing examples that comprise the transformation of ideas of the character into expertise. From the big variety of those examples, 250 have been chosen for the current booklet in keeping with "prehistory", "early-history", "classic" and "modern time". so much examples are new. each instance incorporates a published web page in a homogeneous association. The examples from the sphere "modern time" are joint in blocks reminiscent of the sub-disciplines of bionics.
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Additional info for Bionics by Examples: 250 Scenarios from Classical to Modern Times
The principles of the drive are slow turning propellers or flapping wings. The last one - if they should develop useful aerodynamic forces and good efficiencies - should be moved analogously to flies kinematics (comp. p. 150, 151). LITERATUR: Nachtigall, W. (1966): Die Kinematik der Schlagflügelbewegungen von Dipteren. Methodische und analytische Grundlagen zur Biophysik des Insektenflugs. Z. Vergl. Physiol. 52, 155-211. Nachtigall, W. (2003): Insektenflug. Springer. 44 Classic Bionics and the handling of complex systems A B Only relatively late, one discovered nature strategies as models for the management of complex systems in economy.
Hertel in the early 60s met in their effort to overcome the then borders of the disciplines. The story goes that they welcomed themselves with this battle cry on the walks of the TU. Helmcke dealt with the fine-construction of diatoms, Hertel with the flow-mechanics of airplanes and bodies of fishes and of other biological and technical aspects, always on the basis of solid physics. PRINCIPLE: To bring together the two disciplines got along in each case under the patronage of an expelled specialist.
PRINCIPLE: Evolution-strategy works with the 4 named parameters of the natural evolution. If an introduced mutation leads to better reproductive-successes, the respective characteristic-bearer is taken as parent for a new generation, alternatively one goes back to the prior one. Such an evolution-strategic action especially proves itself in particular where there are (still) theories or calculation-procedures available. EXAMPLE: In a classic experiment, where one already knows, what will be the result, the evolution-strategy was tested.