Biochemistry of lipids, lipoproteins and membranes : (5th by Dennis E Vance

By Dennis E Vance

Examine at the biochemistry and molecular biology of lipids and lipoproteins has skilled notable development within the final twenty years, rather with the belief that many alternative sessions of lipids play primary roles in ailments similar to center disorder, weight problems, diabetes, melanoma and neurodegenerative issues. The fifth variation of this booklet has been written with significant ambitions. the 1st goal is to supply scholars and lecturers with a complicated up to date textbook overlaying the most important components of present curiosity within the lipid box. The chapters are written for college kids and researchers conversant in the final suggestions of lipid metabolism yet who desire to extend their wisdom during this region. the second one goal is to supply a reference textual content for scientists who're approximately to go into the sector of lipids, lipoproteins and membranes and who desire to examine extra approximately this sector of analysis. the entire chapters were greatly up-to-date because the 4th variation seemed in 2002. Key positive aspects: * Represents a bridge among the superficial assurance of the lipid box present in uncomplicated biochemistry textual content books and the hugely really good fabric contained in medical evaluation articles and monographs. * permits scientists to familiarize yourself with fresh advancements on the topic of their very own learn pursuits, and should support medical researchers and clinical scholars maintain abreast of advancements in uncomplicated technology which are vital for next medical advances. * Serves as a common reference publication for scientists learning lipids, lipoproteins and membranes and as a sophisticated and up to date textbook for academics and scholars who're conversant in the fundamental ideas of lipid biochemistry learn more... content material: sensible roles of lipids in membranes / William Dowhan, Mikhail Bogdanov, and Eugenia Mileykovskaya -- Lipid variations of proteins / Anant okay. Menon -- Fatty acid and phospholipid metabolism in prokaryotes / Charles O. Rock -- Lipid metabolism in crops / Katherine M. Schmid and John B. Ohlrogge -- Oxidation of fatty acids in eukaryotes / Horst Schulz -- Fatty acid synthesis in eukaryotes / Hei Sook Sul and Stuart Smith -- Fatty acid desaturation and chain elongation in mammals / Makoto Miyazaki and James M. Ntambi -- Phospholipid biosynthesis in eukaryotes / Dennis E. Vance and Jean E. Vance -- Ether-linked lipids and their bioactive species / Thomas M. McIntyre, Fred Snyder, and Gopal okay. Marathe -- Lipid metabolism in adipose tissue / Ann V. Hertzel ... [et al.] -- Phospholipases / David C. Wilton -- The eicosanoids : cyclooxygenase, lipoxygenase, and epoxygenase pathways / William L. Smith and Robert C. Murphy -- Sphingolipids / Alfred H. Merrill, Jr. -- ldl cholesterol biosynthesis / Laura Liscum -- Metabolism and serve as of bile acids / Luis B. Agellon -- Lipid meeting into phone membranes / Dennis R. Voelker -- Lipoprotein constitution / Ana Jonas and Michael C. Phillips -- meeting and secretion of triacylglycerol-rich lipoproteins / Jean E. Vance and Khosrow Adeli -- Dynamics of lipoprotein shipping within the circulatory approach / Christopher J. Fielding and Phoebe E. Fielding -- Lipoprotein receptors / Wolfgang J. Schneider -- Lipids and atherosclerosis / Ira Tabas. summary: learn at the biochemistry and molecular biology of lipids and lipoproteins has skilled extraordinary progress within the final two decades, really with the conclusion that many alternative sessions of lipids play primary roles in ailments corresponding to center illness, weight problems, diabetes, melanoma and neurodegenerative problems. The fifth version of this e-book has been written with significant goals. the 1st aim is to supply scholars and lecturers with a complicated updated textbook overlaying the most important parts of present curiosity within the lipid box. The chapters are written for college students and researchers conversant in the overall ideas of lipid metabolism yet who desire to extend their wisdom during this region. the second one goal is to supply a reference textual content for scientists who're approximately to go into the sphere of lipids, lipoproteins and membranes and who desire to examine extra approximately this quarter of analysis. all the chapters were broadly up-to-date because the 4th version seemed in 2002. Key beneficial properties: * Represents a bridge among the superficial assurance of the lipid box present in uncomplicated biochemistry textual content books and the hugely really expert fabric contained in clinical assessment articles and monographs. * permits scientists to familiarize yourself with fresh advancements concerning their very own learn pursuits, and may support scientific researchers and clinical scholars continue abreast of advancements in easy technology which are vital for next medical advances. * Serves as a basic reference booklet for scientists learning lipids, lipoproteins and membranes and as a complicated and up to date textbook for lecturers and scholars who're accustomed to the fundamental techniques of lipid biochemistry

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Sample text

The availability of viable E. coli strains in which the level of PE can be regulated provided a reagent to study the requirement for PE in the assembly of LacY in vivo and in isolated membranes (M. Bogdanov, 2002). The development of a blotting technique termed ‘Eastern–Western’ made possible the screening for lipids affecting the refolding of LacY in vitro or the conformation of LacY made in vivo (M. Bogdanov, 1999). In the Eastern–Western procedure, lipids are first applied to a solid support such as nitrocellulose.

Role of lipids in cell function There are at least two ways by which lipids can affect protein structure and function and thereby cell function. Protein function is influenced by specific protein–lipid interactions that depend on the chemical and structural anatomy of lipids (head group, backbone, alkyl chain length, degree of unsaturation, chirality, ionization, and chelating properties). However, protein function is also influenced by the unique self-association properties of lipids that result from the collective properties (fluidity, bilayer thickness, shape, and packing properties) of the lipids organized into membrane structures.

Therefore, transmembrane domains on either side of a flexible hinge region can organize independently of each other in response to lipid environment, while proteins without such a hinge region either cannot assume different topologies or cannot fold and are degraded. , a re-orientation of transmembrane domains with respect to the bilayer, and uphill transport function is regained (Bogdanov, 2002). Thus, membrane protein topology can be rearranged after membrane insertion challenging the dogma that once transmembrane orientation is established during assembly it is static and not subject to post-insertional topological editing or alteration.

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