By John A. Keller
John Keller provides a suite of recent essays on ontology, time, freedom, God, and philosophical approach. Our realizing of those matters has been vastly complicated, because the Seventies, through the paintings of Peter van Inwagen. during this quantity prime philosophers interact along with his paintings, and van Inwagen himself bargains selective responses.
summary: John Keller provides a suite of recent essays on ontology, time, freedom, God, and philosophical technique. Our figuring out of those matters has been drastically complicated, because the Seventies, through the paintings of Peter van Inwagen. during this quantity best philosophers have interaction together with his paintings, and van Inwagen himself deals selective responses
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Extra info for Being, freedom, and method: themes from the philosophy of Peter Van Inwagen
There is, after all, the predicate term ‘does not exemplify itself ’; and if we have it express a universal, we ﬁnd ourselves confronted straightaway with the attribute version of Russell’s paradox. 49 Constituent theorists typically take some version of the Principle of Simplicity to constrain their characterization of the structure and constitution of familiar concrete particulars. They do not want what we might call ontological overdetermination. Accordingly, they insist that very few predicate terms carry ontological force—only those expressing the contents required to invest familiar particulars with the character they have.
45 But we have noted that the middle Plato might have endorsed the Principle of Instantiation, and it is surely reasonable to think he would have construed his Forms as necessary beings. 43 Castañeda (1974). A theory that endorses unrestricted self predication will, of course, have to deal with the problems associated with the property version of Russell’s paradox. 4 of this paper. 45 See Armstrong (1997: 36–7) and Mellor (1991b). 46 The case of Aristotle shows that there are costs associated with this combination of views.
A somewhat different, but very popular, way to endorse a two category distinction involves making a distinction between spacetime, in terms of points, regions, or spatiotemporal substances of some sort, and n–adic properties (for example, Sider 2008). An ontology which takes spatiotemporal regions to be primitively individuated substances instantiating properties, in line with relational ontologies, or takes spatiotemporal regions to be substrata bearing properties, in line with constituent ontologies, is a two category ontology.