By Leon Wofsy, Leon Litwack
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Additional resources for Before the Point of No Return: An Exchange of Views on the Cold War, the Reagan Doctrine, and What Is to Come
It then became the custom to give the servant at the end of his term, not land, but three hundred pounds of sugar, worth less than two pounds sterling... lt was hardly worth the servant’s while to endure the conditions which have been described for... ” (Eric Williams, pp. 102103). In the mid18th century, newly freed servants trying to enter the ranks of small planters encountered severe obstacles. Besides lacking capital to buy tools, seed, livestock... few of them could afford the land... ” Moreover, “Years of servitude so ruined the health” of some former White slaves, “that no one would hire them” once they were free.
Levine, p. 52). in 1769... ” (Jernegan, p. 180). When Hell was in Session Long hours and exposure to disease and the elements were considered part of a first year “seasoning” process it was thought a good White slave would require. m. and expected to return to the fields the next day at dawn. In some southern colonies with extreme heat, as many as 80% of a shipment of White slaves died in their first year in the New World. Richard Ligon, a traveling writer and eyewitness to White slavery has written that he saw a White slave beaten with a cane, “about the head till the blood has followed for a fault that is not worth speaking of; and yet he must be patient, or worse will follow” (Ligon, p.
Masters hung White slaves by their hands and set their hands afire as a means of punishment. ” many of whom, he charged, were killed by overwork and cruel treatment. e. unpaid, forced laborers for life) based on contractual trickery, judicial malfeasance and usury employed against them during their supposedly limited term as indentured servants. Such an apprentice would be enticed to borrow sums of money, sign a contract with impossible provisions guaranteeing his or her violation of the contractual terms and other unscrupulous means of extending both the period of servitude as well as broadening the scope of the servant’s obligations.