Basic Ophthalmology for Med. Students, Pri Care Resids

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D) None of the above 26. A) Superior orbital fissure 27. ps 8/3/04 9:45 AM Page 36 36 Review Questions in Ophthalmology 28. C) Optic canal 29. A) Superior orbital fissure Figure 2-6 shows the posterior orbit. The labeled bones are as follows: E ϭ ethmoid, F ϭ frontal, L ϭ lacrimal, M ϭ maxillary, S ϭ sphenoid, Z ϭ zygomatic. FIGURE 2-6. From Wright K. Textbook of ophthalmology. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins, 1997. 30. A) Lateral rectus The inferior or superior muscular branches of the ophthalmic artery provide all or part of the blood supply to all the extraocular muscles except the lateral rectus.

D) Surface ectoderm 5. B) Neural crest 6. A) Mesoderm 7. C) Neural ectoderm 8. D) Surface ectoderm 9. D) Surface ectoderm 10. A) Mesoderm 11. B) Neural crest 12. C) Neural ectoderm 13. ps 8/3/04 9:45 AM Page 33 Embryology and Anatomy TABLE 2-1. Embryonic Derivation of Ocular Structures 14. D) Embryonic tissue Structures Mesoderm Extraocular muscles Sclera (small area temporally) Vascular endothelium Schlemm’s canal Blood Neural crest Corneal stroma and endothelium Trabecular meshwork Iris stroma Ciliary body stroma Ciliary muscles Sclera Orbital cartilage and bone Connective tisue of extraocular muscles Neural ectoderm Posterior iris epithelium Sphincter and dilator pupillae Ciliary epithelium Neural retina Retinal pigment epithelium Optic nerve Surface ectoderm Lacrimal gland Lids, lashes, and epidermal structures Conjunctival epithelium Corneal epithelium Surface ectoderm At the 6-week stage, an ectodermal cord is buried in mesoderm between the maxillary and lateral nasal processes.

Choroid 12. ps 8/3/04 9:45 AM Page 26 26 Review Questions in Ophthalmology 13. Nonpigmented layer of ciliary body 14. Nasolacrimal system Questions 15–17 Match the following embryonic vitreous structures to their adult counterparts. A) Zonules B) Hyaloid canal remnants C) Vitreous body D) None of the above 15. Primary vitreous 16. Secondary vitreous 17. Tertiary vitreous 18. The following are all remnants of the hyaloidal vascular system EXCEPT: A) Mittendorf dot B) corneal leukoma C) persistent pupillary membrane D) Bergmeister’s papilla 19.

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