Autism spectrum disorders: psychological theory and research by Dermot Bowler

By Dermot Bowler

Mental examine into autism spectrum problems (ASD) has elevated exponentially within the final twenty years. a lot of this paintings has been led through quite a few theorists who declare to have pointed out methods that carry the main to knowing the . to that end, newbies to the sphere suppose that they have got to pick out a number of of the competing techniques and to overlook the rest as being indirectly unsuitable. in truth, different theoretical views are only that - varied issues of view at the similar phenomenon - each one with its personal insights to supply. this isn't to assert that figuring out ASD in mental phrases is simply a question of selecting a point of view and that each one views are of equivalent price. truly they're not.This ebook, as well as supplying an overview of what present views need to provide, additionally presents a framework to assist readers to make a decision which points of mental learn into ASD give a contribution to our knowing of the sector and the way those should be built-in in a manner that permits study to be taken ahead.

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These kinds of observations led to the development of an account that emphasised the role of the eyes in understanding other minds, and in turn led to the development of tests of mental state understanding (such as the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test) that will be discussed later. Other evidence consistent with the notion of an SAM–ID–EDD system comes from studies that show that children with ASD, when learning language, seem to behave differently from children with typical development. ] 36 AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS interacting with adults in situations where from time to time the adults named objects that the children had not seen before.

Dennett proposed that when we describe the behaviour of different systems, we adopt three different ‘stances’: the mechanical, the behavioural and the intentional. The mechanical stance is used to describe machines, or events, such as the wind blowing a door closed, where things happen without the action of an agent. When someone carries out an action, such as getting into their car to drive to the shops, we adopt the behavioural stance. But when we explain Sally’s search for the marble in the empty location in terms of her falsely believing that that is where the marble is, we are using the intentional stance.

An indication of how the groups might differ on measures that do not form part of the procedures used for diagnosis. g. , 1995; Ozonoff, Rogers & Pennington, 1991b) did not use the more recently developed DSM-IV criteria and thus it is likely that many of the participants described as having Asperger’s syndrome would also have met criteria for autism. But one study that did recruit participants on the basis of the application of DSM-IV and ICD-10 criteria was that of Manjiviona and Prior (1999).

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