By Howard Kuhn
This ebook is ASM's usual reference at the mechanical features and checking out of metals, plastics, ceramics, and composites. comprehend the fundamentals of mechanical habit with in-depth assurance on checking out equipment for these fabrics. Comparative mechanical houses and the mechanical features of metals, plastics, and ceramics are incorporated all through for basic reference. up-to-date references to ISO, ASTM, DIN, EN, JIS and different criteria also are integrated.
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Extra resources for ASM Handbook: Volume 8: Mechanical Testing and Evaluation (Asm Handbook)
Consequently, engineers can often vary their properties by varying composition. In terms of atomic arrangements, metals also have large coordination numbers (CNs), typically 8 to 12, which account for their relatively high densities. Metals, by their nature, tend to be ductile in comparison to other engineering materials and exhibit a high tolerance for stress concentrations. As such, many metals can deform locally to redistribute load. , metallic glasses) are possible using special processing techniques.
M. Tracey, J. Mech. Phys. Solids, Vol 17, 1969, p 201 31. F. Thomason, Ductile Fracture of Metals, Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1990 32. R. A. F. , McGraw-Hill, New York, 1970, p 641 33. J. R. Rice, Fracture—An Advanced Treatise, H. , Academic Press, New York, 1968, p 191 Introduction to the Mechanical Behavior of Metals Todd M. S. Steel Research; Joseph D. Rigney, General Electric Aircraft Engines Summary The previous discussions were designed to provide a brief introduction to the influence of microstructure on the mechanical behavior of metals.
Intermetallic Compounds In some cases, intermetallic compounds can form within alloys. These materials are composed of two or more metallic or metalloid constituents and exhibit crystal structures that are distinctly different from its constituents. , NiAl, Ni3Al, TiAl, and Ti3Al), and their bonding is typically a combination of metallic, ionic, and/or covalent types. In terms of mechanical and physical properties, intermetallics occupy a position between metals and ceramics. As in the case of ionic and covalent solids, extremely strong bonds exist between unlike constituents, which imparts intermetallics with lower CNs and densities than metals, highly directional properties, higher stiffness and strength, and good resistance to temperatures or chemical attack.