By Bas C. Van Fraassen
An introductory, ancient survey of philosophical positions on area and time, in the course of the designated concept of relativity and the causal concept of time.
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In this publication van Fraassen develops an alternative choice to clinical realism by way of developing and comparing 3 jointly reinforcing theories.
Co-winner of the 1981 Franklin J. Matchette Prize and co-winner of the 1986 Lakatos Award.
"An very good extreé to the present debates in this subject, as obvious through van Fraassenn who's the most direct and serious opponent of medical realism. "--Review of Metaphysics
"A Most worthy and stimulating e-book. It brings jointly a number of the major strands within the 'dialectic' of post-positivist analytic philosophy, and in addition, it does this with lucidity, attraction, erudition, and nice intelligence. .. .Would make a superb textual content for a center to upper-level direction in modern philosophy of technological know-how. "--Journal of Philosophy
"Would make a superb creation to the philosophical concerns clustering round clinical realism for undergraduates if set together with the hot realist literature.
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Extra resources for An Introduction to the Philosophy of Time and Space
Interwoven with the hydraulic reading of the Humean theory of motivation is the disputed concept of a desire. 15 In this interpretation a desire is essentially a state with a phenomenological content – a psychological feeling analogous to bodily sensations. 16 For the present purposes, however, this debate is irrelevant. 14 McNaughton in [70, p. 21] and Smith in [87, pp. 101–102]. 15 Smith in [87, p. 105] for the notion of ‘strong phenomenological concept’. In [87, pp. 112–113] Smith argues that Hume did not believe desires to have phenomenological content essentially.
First, it tacitly maintains cognitivism. Second, it defends a version of appraiser internalism by claiming that if an agent believes herself to have a normative reason, then this belief may motivate action, but it denies that this belief necessarily motivates, as an agent may suﬀer from practical irrationality. Third and ﬁnally, it denies that the Humean theory of motivation applies to normative reasons. Although it allows for 39 Smith in [87, pp. 177–178]. 40 Smith in [87, pp. 148, 178 and 181].
76]. 3 39 Internalism in relation to normative reasons The second approach to the moral problem to be considered here tries to reconcile the Humean theory of motivation, appraiser internalism and cognitivism. It is developed from considerations regarding explanations of intentional actions by means of motivating and normative reasons. The details of this approach are worth a closer look. Intentional and deliberative explanations Intentional actions may be explained from both an intentional and a deliberative perspective.