By Michael Wintle
This booklet presents a accomplished account of Dutch historical past within the "long" 19th century. during this attention-grabbing and instructive interval the rustic observed super speedy inhabitants progress, outstanding loss of life charges, brilliant fertility, many of the quickest fiscal progress on this planet, a uniquely huge and effective carrier region, an enormous and ecocnomic abroad empire, and relative tolerance. this can be the single single-authored ebook presently to be had in this the most important interval of Dutch heritage, and it'll be of primary significance to Dutch experts, in addition to eu historians extra often.
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Additional resources for An Economic and Social History of the Netherlands, 1800-1920: Demographic, Economic and Social Transition
In addition, there is a band or ‘bible-belt’ of Calvinist orthodoxy running from Groningen through to the Zeeland islands. This distribution, together with the characteristics exhibited by the various denominations, is held by certain critics of Hofstee to be responsible for the variation in demographic behaviour. Œ» ontwikkeling’ (1974); Hofstee, De demograWsche ontwikkeling (1978); and Hofstee, Korte demograWsche geschiedenis (1981). g. Van Heek, ‘Het Nederlandse geboortepatroon’, 97. Õ— De Vooys, ‘De regionale verscheidenheid’, 229–30.
For most of the nineteenth century the regional diVerences in the death rates of the Netherlands, which were considerable, are largely to be explained by variances in the child and infant mortality rates. In summary, the death rates were high until the 1870s, then declined rapidly, and after 1914 were not exceptional in comparison with other European countries. …» Three questions pose themselves: why were the rates so high, why did they vary so much from province to province, and what brought them down so rapidly after 1870?
Van der Woude points to the Œ… See chapter 2 on diet, and Part II on economic growth. ŒÀ The evidence points, therefore, to a combination of environmental, economic and ideological factors, with ideology increasing in relative importance as time went on. The same is true of birth and fertility rates: there is a complex interaction of widely diVering factors explaining the temporal and spatial variations in these rates. The Wrst of these factors was the death rate itself, especially the falling infant mortality.