By Heather G. Miller, etc., C.F. Turner, L.E. Moses
Expanding at the 1989 nationwide learn Council quantity AIDS, Sexual habit, and Intravenous Drug Use, this e-book reviews on altering styles within the distribution of situations and the result of intervention efforts below approach. It makes a speciality of vital subpopulations which are changing into increasingly more in danger: youngsters and ladies. The committee additionally experiences recommendations to guard blood provides and to enhance the standard of surveys utilized in AIDS research.
AIDS: the second one Decade updates developments in AIDS circumstances and HIV an infection one of the gay neighborhood, intravenous drug clients, ladies, minorities, and different teams; offers an outline of a variety of behavioral intervention suggestions directed at particular teams; discusses discrimination opposed to individuals with AIDS and HIV an infection; and provides on hand info at the percentage of youngsters carrying out the behaviors which may transmit the virus and on lady prostitutes and HIV infection.
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Realistically, however, the needs of donors must be reconciled with those of blood collection organizations, which must carefully balance efficiency (and economy) with the need to inform donors adequately about HIV infection and the importance of deferral for those who may be at risk. , predeposit of an individual's own blood) in cases in which surgery is anticipated (see later section on the appropriate use of blood). , individuals at indirect risk) and on the exclusion of individuals who are at even minimal risk.
The question of why some people give blood and others refuse to give is important to the development of effective strategies to recruit and retain donors. Many donors report altruistic reasons for donating. Some give in response to social pressure or to fill a perceived need in the community; others participate to receive special benefits that may accrue to donors, such as blood typing or cholesterol testing (where available). , raffle prizes, reduced-price merchandise) are not clear. Indeed, the precise factors that motivate blood donors are poorly understood.
Page breaks are true to the original; line lengths, word breaks, heading styles, and other typesetting-specific formatting, however, cannot be retained, and some typographic errors may have been accidentally inserted. Please use the print version of this publication as the authoritative version for attribution. SUMMARY 19 be at increased risk for HIV infection primarily through drug use rather than through sexual practices, the committee recommends that the National Institute on Drug Abuse and the Centers for Disease Control continue to support and strengthen current efforts to understand and intervene in the relationship between drug use and prostitution.