After the Czars and Commissars: Journalism in Authoritarian by Eric Freedman, Richard Shafer

By Eric Freedman, Richard Shafer

From Czarism and Bolshevism to the present post-communist period, the media in principal Asia has been tightly limited. notwithstanding the governments within the area assert unfastened press is authorized to function, study has proven this to be unfaithful. In all 5 former Soviet republics of significant Asia, the media has been managed, suppressed, punished, and sometimes outlawed. This enlightening number of essays investigates the explanations why those nations have did not boost self reliant and sustainable press structures. It records the advanced dating among the clicking and governance, nation-building, nationwide identification, and public coverage. during this booklet, students discover the various and broad-reaching implications of media regulate in quite a few contexts, referring to issues akin to web law and censorship, press rights abuses, specialist journalism criteria and self-censorship, media possession, ethnic newspapers, running a blog, Western broadcasting into the area, and assurance of terrorism.

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Said to have financed the Respublika and Vremya PO opposition newspaper; before 2002 owned Channel 31 and was associated with Tan TV Atamkulov, Erlan Rakhat Kazakh-Austrian conglomerate of 29 companies, including a hotel construction company, vodka production, Arabian race-horse breeding, and insurance companies (1992–2002); president, Kazakhstan Temir Zholy (2002–07); member, board of directors, Kedentransservis company (2007–08). Member, Otan Party’s political council (2007–08). None Baiseitov, Bakhytbek Forbes estimated net worth in 2009 at $1 billion; founder of and major shareholder in Centercredit Bank; president, Association of Banks of Kazakhstan; president, Atameken financial investment group; chair, board of directors, CenterInvest investment company.

As before, the mass local press played a dual role. From one view, it was in fact an independent check on party policies, on economic performance and management. Although Soviet news-gathering and -dissemination conventions were o en extreme from a Western perspective, they may have had value as an interventionist model along the lines of public journalism, an alternative model espoused today by some American journalists and news organizations in recent years. T H E P O ST I N D E P E N D E N C E P R E SS 27 Community-level journalists were charged with leading and extolling campaigns to investigate corruption, reveal factory inefficiencies, and rally agricultural and industrial workers to raise production and meet centrally established quotas.

27 In response, regional television stations like Rika TV in Aktobe, Irbis in Pavlodar, and Tan in Almaty, which before late 2001 had not aired opposition political views, suddenly became sharply critical. 28 DCK leaders were, in effect, attempting to use their media outlets not only against rival financial-industrial groups but also as a campaign to win public support for their larger political agenda. The criticism they aired ranged from the domination of financial-industrial groups close to the president over natural resources to government policy privileging the interests of a select few over the public good.

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