By Karin Dokken (auth.)
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Extra resources for African Security Politics Redefined
Their focus of analysis is individuals and various collectivities of individuals, that is, first and foremost states but also corporations, organizations, and various kinds of associations. Liberals maintain that both cooperation and conflict shape international affairs. INTRODUCTION 23 Essentially, though, liberalists are optimists; they believe that when humans employ reason they can arrive at mutually beneficial cooperation. In this way, an end can be put to war. The optimism of this theoretical direction is closely connected with the rise of the modern state.
All the three perspectives—neopatrimonialism, hybrid state, and transplanted state—take seriously the particular dynamics of African THE STATE IN AFRICA 37 societies/states. This has not always been the case with political analyses of the African reality. Nevertheless, Chabal and Daloz are critical of all three perspectives, particularly the first two, primarily because they put too much weight on the impact of the colonial rule. Instead, Chabal and Daloz underline the continuity of African political practice.
Acknowledging this, African political leaders have to a growing degree sought regional solutions to various conflicts. The regionalization of civil wars has brought about a growing regional cooperation, also in security politics. However, this relatively new trend is accompanied by a parallel process wherein the same politicians (clandestinely) are trying to enrich themselves by means of the transnational war economy of the region. The regionalization of civil wars, the phenomenon of regional implosion, and other regional aspects of war in general are discussed in the second part of Chapter 3.