Afghanistan and the Defence of Empire: Diplomacy and by Christopher M. Wyatt

By Christopher M. Wyatt

At the peak of the :Great video game" in primary Asia, within the run as much as international conflict I and the aftermath of the second one Afghan struggle, the sector of Afghanistan turned quite major for either nice Britain and Russia. Afghanistan and the Defence of Empire explores the connection among British and Afghan rulers, in the course of the an important interval of the reign of Amir Habibullah Khan, because the British sought to shield their Indian Empire from the specter of Imperial Russia. With Russia’s defeat by the hands of the japanese in 1905 and the increase of Germany as a superpower, the necessity to finish the competition took at the utmost value: efforts which culminated within the making a song of the Anglo-Russian conference in 1907. because the heritage of Afghanistan turns into ever extra the most important for the certainty of its current army and political state of affairs, this ebook may be of significant curiosity for college kids of background, primary Asian reports, army historical past and foreign Relations.

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They had been a bone of contention with the tribes and their presence had caused deep resentment at what was seen by the tribesmen as a policy of armed occupation. Their replacement by tribal militias reflected those elements of the Sandeman system seen as most effective. The relationship with the militias was conducted principally through political officers who, for the most part, built up a friendship and rapport with the tribes. The final element was the creation of the North-West Frontier Province in 1905.

The third chapter concerns British strategic considerations at a time when it was starting to appear that there might be certain fundamental flaws in the British forward defence strategy. Key to a forward deployment was the attitude of the frontier tribes, which were well armed and getting more guns every year. It became clear that large numbers of troops would have to be placed on the lines of communication and supply. Logistics became an important issue, too, as it started to become clear that adequate supply might become problematic.

Fortunately for the Indian Army, the region was too remote for the Amir to be able to exercise control over it, so he was willing to relinquish it to the Russians without invoking the agreement. After his death, the British were concerned that this situation might recur, this time with Herat, and the accession of a new Amir from 1901, with the imperative for a renewal of the agreement, meant that the need for a solution had become pressing. indd 25 1/12/2011 5:38:37 PM 26 Afghanistan and the Defence of Empire forbidden in the 1880 agreement and to which the Russians had assented in 1900.

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