Advanced Gas Turbine Cycles: A Brief Review of Power by J. H. Horlock

By J. H. Horlock

Primarily this ebook describes the thermodynamics of fuel turbine cycles. the hunt for prime gasoline turbine potency has produced many diversifications at the uncomplicated "open circuit" plant, concerning using warmth exchangers, reheating and intercooling, water and steam injection, cogeneration and mixed cycle crops. those are defined totally within the text.

A assessment of modern proposals for a couple of novel gasoline turbine cycles can be integrated. long ago few years paintings has been directed in the direction of constructing gasoline generators which produce much less carbon dioxide, or vegetation from which the CO2 could be disposed of; the results of a carbon tax on electrical energy pricing are thought of.

In featuring this extensive survey of fuel turbine cycles for strength new release the writer calls on either his educational adventure (at Cambridge and Liverpool Universities, the gasoline Turbine Laboratory at MIT and Penn country college) and his commercial paintings (primarily with Rolls Royce, plc.) The ebook might be crucial interpreting for ultimate yr and masters scholars in mechanical engineering, and for working towards engineers.

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Sample text

For a combustion process burning liquid or solid fuel (at temperature To)with air (subscript a, at temperature T I ) ,the left-hand side of the equation may be written as Ex = B,I - B,o + [-AGO] = Ea] + Efo. 40 Usually, TI = To, so E,, = Eno and with E , = Em the exergy equation becomes E,~ + E =~ E~ + ICR. 41) For a combustion process burning gaseous fuel (which may have been compressed from state 0 to state 1’), the left-hand side of the exergy Eq. 41) may be rewritten as Ed + E f l , = Em + ICR.

1998), The relationship between effectivenessand exergy loss in counterflow heat exchangers, ASME Paper 1998-GT-32. 1. Introduction In the introduction to Chapter 1 on power plant thermodynamics our search for high thermal efficiency led us to emphasis on raising the maximum temperature T,, and lowering the minimum temperature Tmi,, in emulation of the performance of the Carnot cycle, the efficiency of which increases with the ratio (T,,,JTmin). In a gas turbine plant, this search for high maximum temperatures is limited by material considerations and cooling of the turbine is required.

We now develop some modifications of the a/s analyses and their graphical presentations for such open gas turbine plants, with and without heat exchangers, as an introduction to more complex computational approaches. The Hawthorne and Davis analysis is first generalised for the [CBTIIopen circuit plant, with fuel addition for combustion,f per unit air flow, changing the working fluid from air in the compressor to gas products in the turbine, as indicated in Fig. 1 1. Real gas effects are present in this open gas turbine plant; specific heats and their ratio are functions off and T , and allowance is also made for pressure losses.

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