By Philip Shabecoff
Development at the starting place of his seriously acclaimed A Fierce eco-friendly fireplace (1993), which supplied a sweeping assessment of the yankee environmental circulation, Philip Shabecoff now strikes to a considerate survey of overseas environmentalism. The annals of foreign cooperation to maintain the surroundings and confirm sustainable financial improvement are contemporary and short. basically in the final 30 years, because the results of human overconsumption became obvious, have foreign agencies, nationwide governments, and environmental teams began concentrating on the commercial and ecological ramifications of plundering the Earth's assets. Shabecoff, former leader environmental correspondent for the recent York instances, presents a close background of foreign environmentalism from the beginnings of an international environmental ethic to an inside of view of diplomatic negotiations in the back of the 1992 Rio Earth Summit. He analyzes Rio's successes and screw ups and examines either all over the world and native proposals that tackle environmental and fiscal demanding situations now not mentioned at Rio. merely via dealing with and overcoming some of these demanding situations, he says, can the worldwide neighborhood determine a peace outfitted on mutual deal with the planet and accountability for the healthiness of others with whom we percentage it.
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Extra info for A New Name for Peace: International Environmentalism, Sustainable Development, and Democracy
We cannot step out of the speeding jet aircraft. We cannot stop producing food, building houses, burning coal and oil, making automobiles, and using synthetic substances. We cannot stop our efforts to reduce poverty and remove the great gulf that separates the rich and poor people of this world. Nearly a billion people today, one of every five human beings, continue to live at the margins of survival, with barely enough food to keep alive, without clean drinking water or adequate shelter. Global security, not to mention simple justice, requires that the international community take the economic measures necessary to lift this mass of humanity out of extreme want and give their lives some portion of dignity, we cannotor should nottell people in the developing countries who aspire to a higher standard of living to refrain from the patterns of consumption and waste that we in the rich nations continue to follow.
2 So I had a title for my book: A New Name for Peace. To its subtitle, "International Environmentalism, Sustainable Development, and Democracy," I could just as well have added the words "Justice and Equity," but I felt things were getting out of hand. Page xi As it has turned out, this book is a report on the progress, or lack of it, by the human community in its struggle toward that kind of peacea peace built on mutual care for the planet and responsibility for the well-being of others with whom we share it.
17 At the beginning of his monumental Civilization and Capitalism the historian Fernand Braudel speculated that in all ages there is a "limit" that places restraints on human attainment, a "borderline" separating the possible and the impossible. In preindustrial economies, he wrote, the borderline was imposed by inadequate food supplies, a population that was too big or too small for its resources, low productivity of labour, and the as yet slow progress in controlling nature. Between the fifteenth and eighteenth century, these constraints Page 15 hardly changed at all.